• 4D Printing? Bridging Additive Manufacturing with Smart Materials

    9 days ago - By Arch Daily

    Fused filament fabrication for multi-kinematic-state climate responsive aperture. Image Cortesia de David Correa / Achim Menges
    While we are still trying to understand the possibilities and limits of three-dimensional printing and additive manufacturing, a new term has emerged for our vocabulary. 4D printing is nothing more than a digital manufacturing technology -3D printing- which includes a new dimension: the temporal. This means that the printed material, once ready, will be able to modify, transform or move autonomously due to its intrinsic properties that respond to environmental...
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